Before getting back to the more pertinent concerns regarding the Enlightenment Project and its vicious attacks on Islam, I thought I would get a bit of practice in after a long time away from this blog. Recently, there has been a popular argument floating around the interwebs in regards to the supposed “illogical nature” of the Qur’an. One such passage that has garnered a lot of attention as of late, is from Surah an-Nisa, ayah 82:
اَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُوۡنَ الۡقُرۡاٰنَؕ وَلَوۡ كَانَ مِنۡ عِنۡدِ غَيۡرِ اللّٰهِ لَوَجَدُوۡا فِيۡهِ اخۡتِلَافًا كَثِيۡرًاDo they not ponder about the Qur’an? Had it been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found in it much inconsistency.
Promoters of this objection claim that since other books (note the emphasis) can be produced without error by other human beings, that this therefore renders the above passage false, thereby refuting the Qur’an as being from Allah. Take for example, a childrens book teaching the basic english alphabet (ABC…): since such a book is error free by virtue of it being published as a book, it means that the Qur’an must not be from Allah.Before I even have to go into the problems with this argument in full, I’m sure the reader can already see several issues with this objection. For instance, there is a huge difference between the Qur’an and a child’s teaching book.
Logic itself, in its bare form, is merely representative symbols formulated in a coherent manner, but the coherence of these structures largely relies on the meanings placed therein. (A -> B) is a logical construct, but has absolutely no meaning until we know what (A) and (B) actually are. It is only then that we can understand whether the statement formed is logically valid or not. Not only that, but the meanings themselves must be understood as being applied specifically or universally. Had the above passage in the Qur’an been: “Had a book been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found in it much inconsistency.”, then there may be some merit to this argument, but this is clearly not the case.The above passage from the Qur’an references the Qur’an itself quite clearly. Noting this, a far more descriptive understanding of what is being said can be rendered as such:
Had [an orally revealed text learned over several years, without the ability to edit any grammatical or factual errors, that takes nearly 2 days to be recited from beginning to end non-stop, which encompasses the foundational truths of humanity and the unseen world, a moral ethic for all humanity to live by, etc.] been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found in it much inconsistency.”
Now, with this placed into the logical formula, is there much room left to claim this statement as a false conditional? You decide.